Guarding against the threat of diabetes
Heed the warning of high blood sugar
The numbers are staggering—60 million people have pre-diabetes, a condition of elevated blood glucose that precedes diabetes. Left untreated, most people with pre-diabetes will develop full-blown diabetes within 10 years. The good news? Acting now to lower your blood glucose through diet and exercise may delay or prevent diabetes.
Could you have pre-diabetes?
Take Charge of Your Health: Pre-Diabetes Class
This two-and-a-half-hour class is designed for all adults, whether you think you have diabetes or not. Learn from our health care professionals how to take charge of your health on Wednesday, April 22. The class has a $10 fee. Topics and presenters include:
- Exercise, Jennifer Stuart, Exercise Physiologist
- Healthy Eating, Mary Aram, RD, MS, CDE, Clinical Dietitian
- Goal Setting & Emotional Resources, Aracely Munguia, MSW
- Know Your Numbers, Cathy Reed, RN, Certified Diabetes Educator
The number of adults with type 2 diabetes continues to climb with nearly 10% of Butte County adults now living with this chronic condition. Unfortunately, nearly a third of those individuals don’t know they have diabetes. Take a proactive approach to your health and know your numbers! Register and pay online or call 1-877-365-6363 to register. The event runs from 5:30 p.m. to 8 p.m., with check-in, 5 p.m., at the Enloe Conference Center, 1528 Esplanade, Chico.
Many people don't know they have pre-diabetes because symptoms often develop gradually. Warning signs may include:
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urination
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blurred vision
If you're overweight and age 45 or older, you should get screened for pre-diabetes. If you're younger than 45 but either overweight or have other risk factors (see "Are you at risk for pre-diabetes?"), talk to your health care provider about having your blood glucose measured. If your child is overweight, discuss additional risk factors, such as ethnicity and family history, with your pediatrician. One study found about a quarter of obese children and teens had pre-diabetes.
“It’s important to know if you have diabetes or pre-diabetes so you can slow down the progression,” said Cathy Nagy, RN, Nurse Manager for Enloe Diabetes Services. “Studies show that a person can slow it down through good management. Lifestyle habits, including healthy eating and regular exercise can make a huge difference in your health.”
Getting off the diabetes track
Pre-diabetes is a serious condition, and the stakes are high—diabetes can lead to complications such as blindness, nerve damage, amputations and premature death from heart disease, stroke and kidney failure. Studies show that even with pre-diabetes, damage to the heart and blood vessels may already be underway.
Making lifestyle changes can bring your blood glucose level to the normal range and even turn back the clock on the disease's progression. People with pre-diabetes should:
- Move! Get at least 30 minutes a day of moderate physical activity
- Lose weight. Even a modest loss of 5 percent to 10 percent of body weight makes a difference
- Eat a low-fat, low-calorie diet. Watch portion sizes; eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains; avoid saturated fat and trans fats
- Take heart-smart measures. Quit smoking, control blood pressure and reduce cholesterol
A diagnosis of diabetes
A diagnosis of diabetes is made when any 1 of these tests is positive. The result may be confirmed by a second positive test on a different day:
- A1C greater than or equal to 6.5%
- Fasting plasma glucose of greater than or equal to 126 mg/dL on 2 lab tests
- Casual plasma glucose (taken at any time of the day) of greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL with the symptoms of diabetes
- Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) value of greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL. The OGTT is obtained 2 hours after a drink containing glucose has been consumed, which occurs after fasting for at least 8 hours
- Take this short online assessment to find out if you are at risk for type 2 diabetes
- Prediabetes means your blood sugar level is above normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Prediabetes increases the risk for developing diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. The good news is, with healthy lifestyle changes, you can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. Take action; watch this video to find out more about what you can do. Watch this video on pre-diabetes >
- Join us for our April 22 Pre-Diabetes Class, whether you think you have diabetes or not. (See the event box.)
Nutrition & diabetes services here in Chico
Enloe Medical Center offers individual education and group classes for people with Type I and Type II diabetes. Through our Sweet Success program, we also provide education and guidelines for women with diabetes who become pregnant and for those with gestational diabetes. Participants gain the knowledge and self-care skills necessary to manage their condition effectively. The program is accredited by the American Association of Diabetes Educators, and education includes:
- Understanding the disease process
- Meal planning
- Home glucose monitoring and understanding blood-sugar goal ranges
- Acute and chronic complications of diabetes
- The benefits of exercise
- Diabetes care during illnesses
- Goal setting and support for making changes that promote good health
Enloe Diabetes Services is located at 888 Lakeside Village Commons, Building C in Chico. For more information, please call 530.332.6840.
Are you at risk for pre-diabetes?
The following factors increase your risk for pre-diabetes and diabetes:
- Excess weight
- Age 45 or older
- A brother, sister or parent with diabetes
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol or triglycerides
- A history of diabetes during pregnancy or having a baby that weighs more than 9 pounds
- An ethnic background that includes African-American, American Indian, Hispanic American/Latino or Asian-American/Pacific Islander